Transfer Of Power Agreement 1947 Wiki

The theory of the two nations is the ideology that the primary identity and common denominator of Muslims in the Indian subcontinent is their religion and not their language or ethnicity, and therefore Hindus and Indian Muslims are two different nations, regardless of commonalities. [21] The theory of the two nations was a founding principle of the Pakistani movement (i.e. the ideology of Pakistan as a Muslim nation-state in South Asia) and the partition of India in 1947. [23] According to the 1951 Census of India, 2% of the Indian population was refugees (1.3% from West Pakistan and 0.7% from East Pakistan). Delhi received the largest number of refugees for a single city – Delhi`s population grew rapidly in 1947, from less than one million (917,939) to just under 2 million (1,744,072) over the period 1941-1951. [130] The refugees were housed in various historical and military sites such as purana Qila, Red Fort and military barracks in The Kingsway Camp (around the present-day Delhi University). It has become one of the largest refugee camps in northern India, with more than 35,000 refugees at one time, with the exception of Kurukshetra camp near Panipat. The campsites were then converted into permanent shelters by major Indian government construction projects from 1948. Many settlements in Delhi were established at the time, such as Lajpat Nagar, Rajinder Nagar, Nizamuddin East, Punjabi Bagh, Rehgar Pura, Jangpura and Kingsway Camp. Various programmes have been made available to refugees, such as education, employment opportunities and simple loans for business start-ups across India.

[131] When refugees flocked to Delhi in 1947, the city was ill-equipped to cope with the influx of people. Refugees “spread wherever they could. They were rushing into camps… Colleges, temples, Gurudwaras, Dharmshalas, military barracks and gardens. [116] In 1950, the government allowed squatters to build houses in parts of the city. As a result, neighbourhoods such as Lajpat Nagar and Patel Nagar have emerged, which still have a pronounced Punjabi character. However, when thousands of Hindu and Sikh refugees fled Punjab for the city, it created an atmosphere of upheaval when municipal pogroms shook the historic bastion of Indo-Islamic culture and politics. The Pakistani diplomat in Delhi, Hussain, said the Indian government was trying to eliminate the Muslim population of Delhi or be indifferent to its plight. He reported that army forces had openly shot at innocent Muslims. [117] Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru estimated the number of victims in the city at 1,000.